Aging Societies and Sustainability of Social Costs: Learning from older societies

We are often told by political leaders that our aging populations will place such demands on social programs – social security, medicaid, medicare, old age security, guaranteed income supplement, chronic and graduated care, etc. – that these programs are “unsustainable” and therefore need to be “reformed,” which usually means reducing benefits. This reasoning tends to … More Aging Societies and Sustainability of Social Costs: Learning from older societies

Stanford Innovation review: Community action to reduce obesity and depression

Where and how can communities organize themselves for collective impact? In the January issue of Politudes, we highlighted US research which suggested that neighbourhood influence could be strong in relation to the incidence of depression and obesity. In a similar vein, a recent issue of the Stanford Social Innovation Review (see reference below) highlights the … More Stanford Innovation review: Community action to reduce obesity and depression

Targeted geographic anti-poverty interventions: France’s “Sensitive Urban Zones”

We mentioned in the January issue that US President Obama has announced a program targeting “Opportunity Zones,” socio-economically disadvantaged areas where efforts would be concentrated to improve conditions. This could be a challenge, since some kinds of disadvantage, especially poverty, unemployment and social exclusion, seem to be resistant to geographic targeting. The French experience with … More Targeted geographic anti-poverty interventions: France’s “Sensitive Urban Zones”

Evaluation: Campbell Collaboration Review of Restorative Justice: victim-offender conferencing

“Restorative justice” refers to justice practices that encourage offenders to take responsibility for their actions and to repair the harms they have caused. In the use of restorative justice conferencing (RJC), offenders and victims who agree to participate are assisted by a trained facilitator to communicate, and to seek ways to resolve the offense and … More Evaluation: Campbell Collaboration Review of Restorative Justice: victim-offender conferencing

Capsule: Luxembourg Income Studies Abstract on Causes of Inequality

The following is an excerpt from an abstract of a paper authored by Wen-Hao Chen, Michael Förster and Ana Llena-Nozal and published as a Luxembourg Income Studies working paper. The authors work in the Social Policy Division at OECD. The study points out that earnings inequality in most of the countries studied resulted from a … More Capsule: Luxembourg Income Studies Abstract on Causes of Inequality

Canadian Counter-currents? Inequality and Poverty

Incomes in Canada became more unequal from the 1980’s to the late 2000’s, more or less at the same pace as other OECD countries; behind, but on the same track as the USA. A December 2013 report by the Canadian Parliamentary Committee on Finance (see link below) does a nice job of presenting current knowledge … More Canadian Counter-currents? Inequality and Poverty